任县| 太和| 达县| 临沂| 科尔沁左翼后旗| 霍邱| 扶风| 织金| 石林| 同仁| 玛多| 福泉| 博罗| 万州| 嵊泗| 秀屿| 漳县| 蔡甸| 禹城| 阜新蒙古族自治县| 新平| 榆中| 淇县| 驻马店| 拜城| 正镶白旗| 通化市| 武邑| 河津| 崇阳| 灵丘| 偏关| 徐水| 泗洪| 黎平| 白河| 大港| 长白山| 任丘| 息县| 扬中| 南宫| 泸溪| 浦口| 民勤| 陆川| 成安| 玛曲| 孟村| 大埔| 宁国| 岳西| 六安| 伊春| 资溪| 栖霞| 道真| 杜集| 鹤庆| 江华| 陇县| 平房| 怀宁| 龙游| 衡阳县| 松江| 巧家| 玛多| 临县| 紫阳| 普安| 南皮| 城固| 乐安| 海门| 漠河| 襄汾| 勐海| 保定| 楚雄| 葫芦岛| 安达| 龙岗| 路桥| 宁阳| 九江市| 逊克| 资兴| 丁青| 泽州| 乌苏| 上甘岭| 新疆| 调兵山| 玉屏| 荆门| 益阳| 泰顺| 福贡| 塘沽| 巫山| 博野| 京山| 远安| 安徽| 抚远| 即墨| 盘山| 祁门| 蕲春| 麦积| 汤原| 三门峡| 昔阳| 射阳| 江阴| 肥东| 新沂| 新丰| 徽州| 五通桥| 南昌市| 南丹| 察布查尔| 三江| 遵义市| 桃源| 巴林左旗| 尖扎| 乌拉特前旗| 鄄城| 兰溪| 留坝| 永顺| 元坝| 温泉| 宁河| 米脂| 临安| 北票| 丁青| 宿迁| 吉首| 新蔡| 泾川| 天水| 广昌| 饶阳| 印台| 禹城| 栾川| 塔河| 恩平| 凌云| 屏南| 彭阳| 永寿| 友好| 德阳| 乐清| 三亚| 淮安| 古蔺| 潼关| 青冈| 霍山| 献县| 合水| 名山| 岚县| 八公山| 梅州| 下陆| 云霄| 高陵| 舞阳| 恩平| 古县| 海丰| 囊谦| 茂港| 沅陵| 枝江| 巴林右旗| 翠峦| 阿荣旗| 安义| 巴马| 禄丰| 沧县| 南雄| 常州| 双柏| 赤水| 天水| 辉县| 莲花| 青龙| 渭南| 卓尼| 巍山| 瓦房店| 兰西| 花垣| 怀集| 大名| 新建| 漳平| 上林| 临潭| 保山| 莘县| 洪江| 武平| 丘北| 天峻| 封丘| 庆安| 台前| 镇沅| 米泉| 泉港| 霞浦| 仙游| 延寿| 拜泉| 政和| 察哈尔右翼后旗| 五莲| 溆浦| 维西| 株洲县| 樟树| 汶川| 郎溪| 洋县| 永定| 泉港| 惠来| 五家渠| 屏边| 西盟| 古县| 黔江| 开鲁| 仪征| 海丰| 禄丰| 乳源| 云溪| 自贡| 平舆| 南宁| 盱眙| 南汇| 惠东| 盐亭| 阳谷| 城步| 洛阳| 承德县| 安顺| 枣强|

张弥曼院士获颁2018年度“世界杰出女科学家奖”

2019-10-22 00:21 来源:中国经济网陕西

  张弥曼院士获颁2018年度“世界杰出女科学家奖”

  ClamsareseenonabankoftheSonghuaRiverinHarbinCity,NortheastChina’sHeilongjiangProvince,May24,ntin11years.(Photo/IC)ClamsareseenonabankoftheSonghuaRiverinHarbinCity,NortheastChina’sHeilongjiangProvince,May24,ntin11years.(Photo/IC)ClamsareseenonabankoftheSonghuaRiverinHarbinCity,NortheastChina’sHeilongjiangProvince,May24,ntin11years.(Photo/IC)ClamsareseenonabankoftheSonghuaRiverinHarbinCity,NortheastChina’sHeilongjiangProvince,May24,ntin11years.(Photo/IC)GiantpandaMengMenggavebirthtotwinfemalecubsattheChengduResearchBaseofGiantPandaBreedinginSouthwestChinasSichuanProvinceonMay23,2018.(Photo/ChengduResearchBaseofGiantPandaBreeding)GiantpandaMengMenggavebirthtotwinfemalecubsattheChengduResearchBaseofGiantPandaBreedinginSouthwestChinasSichuanProvinceonMay23,2018.(Photo/ChengduResearchBaseofGiantPandaBreeding)GiantpandaMengMenggavebirthtotwinfemalecubsattheChengduResearchBaseofGiantPandaBreedinginSouthwestChinasSichuanProvinceonMay23,2018.(Photo/ChengduResearchBaseofGiantPandaBreeding)GiantpandaMengMenggavebirthtotwinfemalecubsattheChengduResearchBaseofGiantPandaBreedinginSouthwestChinasSichuanProvinceonMay23,2018.(Photo/ChengduResearchBaseofGiantPandaBreeding)

(CNS),astate-levelnewsagencysponsoredandestablishedbyChinesejournalistsandrenownedoverseasChineseexpertsonOctober1,(),,,includingin-depthcoverage,featurestoriesandvisualcontent,withtopicssuchascurrentevents,art,lifestyle,(CNS)isnotonlyastate-levelnewsagencyspreadingnewsworldwide,butalsoaninternationalnewsagencywithsubscribersinTaiwan,HongKongandMacao,,formervicechairmanoftheStandingCommitteeoftheNationalPeoplesCongress,,therewereothermajorsponsorsandbuilders,suchasJinZhonghua,HuYuzhi,,awell-knownexpertoninternationalissues,,CNSwastheInternationalNewsService,,adatabaseofinforma(includingwritings,photosandspecialarticles)andamodernmethodofreporting(mainlythroughinternet,videosandSMS)providedtooverse,,HongKongandMacao,aswellasbranchesorreportstationsinTokyo,Bangkok,KualaLumpur,NewYork,Washington,LosAngeles,SanFrancisco,Vancouver,London,Paris,,andnewsreleasecentershavebeenestablishedinBeijing,,multi-levelandmulti-functionnewsreleasesystem,CNSprovidesallkindsofnewsandinformation,’,,1999,theheadquartersofCNSlauncheditsofficialwebsite,namedChinanews().ChinanewsisconsideredoneofChina’smostimportantonlinenewssources.ChinahasbuiltanearthquakeearlywarningsysteminChengdu,capitalofsouthwestChinasSichuanProvince,exploitingmultiplebr,anearlywarningwassentthroughradio,televisionandcellphonesto60residentialcommunitiesinChengduHigh-TechDistrict."givepeoplesecondsoftimeaheadofthejolt,"saidWangTun,headoftheSichuanProvinceKeyLaboratory,,thesystemconnectedwiththeseismicnetworksendsoutthewarningheadcansave14percentofcasualties,10secondscansave39percentofcasualties,,nuclearindustry,high-speedrailwaysandurbanmetrosystems,theearthquakeearlywarningcansubstantiallysavelossesandavoidsecondarydisasters,,,Sichuan,,2017,t,000monitoringstationsinSichuanandneighbouringYunnanProvincetocollectdataonundergroundstressandenergy8to20kilometersbelowthesurfaceoftheearth,providingresearcherswithpotentialinsightstobettermonitorseismicactivitiesandmakeearthquakeforecasting.  

  Postersfortheevent"ChinaWeek:InheritanceandInnovation"()Amongtheitemstobeseenat"ChinaWeek:InheritanceandInnovation"are(clockwisefromleft)alightpinkglazedvase,acircularfanthemedontheancientpaintingAPanoramaofRiversandMountainsanddecorativetapesadornedwithcranepatternsfromthePalaceMuseum.()Chinesedesigns,exchangeactivitiesbetweeninstitutionsandenterprisesinthefieldsofculturalcreativei,fChinesec,covering12categoriesofpaintingandcalligraphy,jewelry,garments,timepiecesandstationery,,includingSingapore,Australia,Thailand,SouthKorea,BeninandBelgium,andthrelproducts,andtheSilkRoadMemory---NICEChoiceCulturalCreativeExhibitionwillbeheldattheNICEgalleryinBeijingfromTuesdaytoMay27.Thetop10Chinesesmartphonevendors,includingHuaweiTechnologiesCoLtdandXiaomiCorp,joinedhandsonTuesdaytopromotetechnicalstandardsfor"fastapps,"whicharedesignedtocompeteagainstTencentHoldingsLtd月20日,华为、小米等国内十大智能手机厂商联合推出“快应用”技术标准,以对抗腾讯旗下的小程序。

  Forexample,onestudylookedathowbeinglonelycanincreasethelevelsofstresshormonesinourbodies,whichhavebeenlinkedtoheartdisease,diabetes,eath.例如,一项研究发现,孤独会令体内的压力荷尔蒙水平升高,压力荷尔蒙和心脏病、糖尿病和痴呆症有关。AwomanscattersflowersintotheseaduringaseaburialheldonGuobin9onApril2,2018.(Photo/Xinhua)Ashipexclusivelyusedforseaburia,orNationalGuest9,isthefirstoneinthecountrythathasbeenusedforsuchpurposes,,,,,widerdecksandmoretoilets,accordingtoWangDedong,headofthecity’sfuneralservicescenter.“Guobin9sailslongerthanthepreviousshipsdid,soastoprovidefamiliesandrelativesmoretimetosaygoodbyetothedeceased.,”,theshipwillsailbetweenAprilandOctobereveryyearandcarryoutseaburialservicestwodayseveryweek,,thi,906people’scrematedremainshavebeenscatteredintothesea.

ParticipantsgatherintheparkinglotofthePentagonasthousandsofmilitaryveteransandtheirsupportersparticipateinthe31stannualRollingThundermotorcyclerallyandMemorialDayweekend"RideforFreedom"motorcycleprocessioninWashington,,May27,2018.(Photo/Agencies)Awomanwavesatridersasthousandsofmilitaryveteransandtheirsupportersparticipateinthe31stannualRollingThundermotorcyclerallyandMemorialDayweekend"RideforFreedom"motorcycleprocessioninWashington,,May27,2018.(Photo/Agencies)Awomanwavesatridersasthousandsofmilitaryveteransandtheirsupportersparticipateinthe31stannualRollingThundermotorcyclerallyandMemorialDayweekend"RideforFreedom"motorcycleprocessioninWashington,,May27,2018.(Photo/Agencies)ParticipantsgatherintheparkinglotofthePentagonasthousandsofmilitaryveteransandtheirsupportersparticipateinthe31stannualRollingThundermotorcyclerallyandMemorialDayweekend"RideforFreedom"motorcycleprocessioninWashington,,May27,2018.(Photo/Agencies)

  Level和flatten的意思差不多,都是表示受害非常严重,“被夷为平地”,比如:Thequakeleveledentiretowns,flatteningthesimpleadobe,brickstructuresandleavingnothingbutrubble.地震夷平了整个城镇,摧毁了简易土坯房和砖结构建筑,只留下一片废墟。

  研究:男性长期看电视更易患肠癌ToomuchTVmayraisemenscolorectalcancerriskMenwhowatchmorethanfourhoursofTVadaysignificantlyincreasetheirriskofdevelopingbowelcancer,researchershavefound.研究人员发现,男性每天看电视超过4小时,患肠癌的风险明显增加。MembersofthebandHouleDouseperformonslacklinesacrossthe1,400-meter-highcliffsofTianmenMountaininZhangjiajieNationalForestParkincentralChinasHunanprovince,onWednesday,May23,,inashowthatcombinesextremesportswithmusic.(Photo:ChinaNewsService/YangHuafeng)MembersofthebandHouleDouseperformonslacklinesacrossthe1,400-meter-highcliffsofTianmenMountaininZhangjiajieNationalForestParkincentralChinasHunanprovince,onWednesday,May23,,inashowthatcombinesextremesportswithmusic.(Photo:ChinaNewsService/YangHuafeng)MembersofthebandHouleDouseperformonslacklinesacrossthe1,400-meter-highcliffsofTianmenMountaininZhangjiajieNationalForestParkincentralChinasHunanprovince,onWednesday,May23,,inashowthatcombinesextremesportswithmusic.(Photo:ChinaNewsService/YangHuafeng)MembersofthebandHouleDouseperformonslacklinesacrossthe1,400-meter-highcliffsofTianmenMountaininZhangjiajieNationalForestParkincentralChinasHunanprovince,onWednesday,May23,,inashowthatcombinesextremesportswithmusic.(Photo:ChinaNewsService/YangHuafeng)MembersofthebandHouleDouseperformonslacklinesacrossthe1,400-meter-highcliffsofTianmenMountaininZhangjiajieNationalForestParkincentralChinasHunanprovince,onWednesday,May23,,inashowthatcombinesextremesportswithmusic.(Photo:ChinaNewsService/YangHuafeng)MembersofthebandHouleDouseperformonslacklinesacrossthe1,400-meter-highcliffsofTianmenMountaininZhangjiajieNationalForestParkincentralChinasHunanprovince,onWednesday,May23,,inashowthatcombinesextremesportswithmusic.(Photo:ChinaNewsService/YangHuafeng)MembersofthebandHouleDouseperformonslacklinesacrossthe1,400-meter-highcliffsofTianmenMountaininZhangjiajieNationalForestParkincentralChinasHunanprovince,onWednesday,May23,,inashowthatcombinesextremesportswithmusic.(Photo:ChinaNewsService/YangHuafeng)MembersofthebandHouleDouseperformonslacklinesacrossthe1,400-meter-highcliffsofTianmenMountaininZhangjiajieNationalForestParkincentralChinasHunanprovince,onWednesday,May23,,inashowthatcombinesextremesportswithmusic.(Photo:ChinaNewsService/YangHuafeng)MembersofthebandHouleDouseperformonslacklinesacrossthe1,400-meter-highcliffsofTianmenMountaininZhangjiajieNationalForestParkincentralChinasHunanprovince,onWednesday,May23,,inashowthatcombinesextremesportswithmusic.(Photo:ChinaNewsService/YangHuafeng)

  CorgidogsraceduringtheSoCal"CorgiNationals"championshipattheSantaAnitaHorseRacetrackinArcadia,California,May27,17raceevent.(Photo/Agencies)CorgidogsraceduringtheSoCal"CorgiNationals"championshipattheSantaAnitaHorseRacetrackinArcadia,California,May27,17raceevent.(Photo/Agencies)CorgidogsraceduringtheSoCal"CorgiNationals"championshipattheSantaAnitaHorseRacetrackinArcadia,California,May27,17raceevent.(Photo/Agencies)CorgidogsraceduringtheSoCal"CorgiNationals"championshipattheSantaAnitaHorseRacetrackinArcadia,California,May27,17raceevent.(Photo/Agencies)

  MembersofthebandHouleDouseperformonslacklinesacrossthe1,400-meter-highcliffsofTianmenMountaininZhangjiajieNationalForestParkincentralChinasHunanprovince,onWednesday,May23,,inashowthatcombinesextremesportswithmusic.(Photo:ChinaNewsService/YangHuafeng)MembersofthebandHouleDouseperformonslacklinesacrossthe1,400-meter-highcliffsofTianmenMountaininZhangjiajieNationalForestParkincentralChinasHunanprovince,onWednesday,May23,,inashowthatcombinesextremesportswithmusic.(Photo:ChinaNewsService/YangHuafeng)MembersofthebandHouleDouseperformonslacklinesacrossthe1,400-meter-highcliffsofTianmenMountaininZhangjiajieNationalForestParkincentralChinasHunanprovince,onWednesday,May23,,inashowthatcombinesextremesportswithmusic.(Photo:ChinaNewsService/YangHuafeng)MembersofthebandHouleDouseperformonslacklinesacrossthe1,400-meter-highcliffsofTianmenMountaininZhangjiajieNationalForestParkincentralChinasHunanprovince,onWednesday,May23,,inashowthatcombinesextremesportswithmusic.(Photo:ChinaNewsService/YangHuafeng)MembersofthebandHouleDouseperformonslacklinesacrossthe1,400-meter-highcliffsofTianmenMountaininZhangjiajieNationalForestParkincentralChinasHunanprovince,onWednesday,May23,,inashowthatcombinesextremesportswithmusic.(Photo:ChinaNewsService/YangHuafeng)MembersofthebandHouleDouseperformonslacklinesacrossthe1,400-meter-highcliffsofTianmenMountaininZhangjiajieNationalForestParkincentralChinasHunanprovince,onWednesday,May23,,inashowthatcombinesextremesportswithmusic.(Photo:ChinaNewsService/YangHuafeng)MembersofthebandHouleDouseperformonslacklinesacrossthe1,400-meter-highcliffsofTianmenMountaininZhangjiajieNationalForestParkincentralChinasHunanprovince,onWednesday,May23,,inashowthatcombinesextremesportswithmusic.(Photo:ChinaNewsService/YangHuafeng)MembersofthebandHouleDouseperformonslacklinesacrossthe1,400-meter-highcliffsofTianmenMountaininZhangjiajieNationalForestParkincentralChinasHunanprovince,onWednesday,May23,,inashowthatcombinesextremesportswithmusic.(Photo:ChinaNewsService/YangHuafeng)MembersofthebandHouleDouseperformonslacklinesacrossthe1,400-meter-highcliffsofTianmenMountaininZhangjiajieNationalForestParkincentralChinasHunanprovince,onWednesday,May23,,inashowthatcombinesextremesportswithmusic.(Photo:ChinaNewsService/YangHuafeng)AvillagertakesoutsteamedbunsmadefromvegetableandfruitinZhaozijianVillage,ZaoqiangCountyofnorthChinasHebeiProvince,May26,,spinach,cabbageandothervegetableandfruitinZaoqiangCountyarepopularinsupermarketsandonlineshops.(Xinhua/LiXiaoguo)AvillagermakesvegetableandfruitjuiceinZhaozijianVillage,ZaoqiangCountyofnorthChinasHebeiProvince,May26,,spinach,cabbageandothervegetableandfruitinZaoqiangCountyarepopularinsupermarketsandonlineshops.(Xinhua/LiXiaoguo)AvillagershowsbunsmadefromvegetableandfruitinZhaozijianVillage,ZaoqiangCountyofnorthChinasHebeiProvince,May26,,spinach,cabbageandothervegetableandfruitinZaoqiangCountyarepopularinsupermarketsandonlineshops.(Xinhua/LiXiaoguo)AvillagermakesvegetableandfruitbunsinZhaozijianVillage,ZaoqiangCountyofnorthChinasHebeiProvince,May26,,spinach,cabbageandothervegetableandfruitinZaoqiangCountyarepopularinsupermarketsandonlineshops.(Xinhua/LiXiaoguo)

  PrimeMinisterTheresaMaytweetedher"warmestcongratulations"toWilliamandCatherine.英国首相特蕾莎-梅发推特说,她对威廉和凯特表示“最热情的祝贺”。

  StaffmembersattheInsectMuseumofWestChinafoundafive-hornedrhinocerosbeetlewithfourlargehornsonitsprothoraxandoneextra-longcephalichornonQingchengMountaininChengduCity,osbeetlefoundintheprovince.(Photo:ChinaNewsService/ZhaoLi)StaffmembersattheInsectMuseumofWestChinafoundafive-hornedrhinocerosbeetlewithfourlargehornsonitsprothoraxandoneextra-longcephalichornonQingchengMountaininChengduCity,osbeetlefoundintheprovince.(Photo:ChinaNewsService/ZhaoLi)StaffmembersattheInsectMuseumofWestChinafoundafive-hornedrhinocerosbeetlewithfourlargehornsonitsprothoraxandoneextra-longcephalichornonQingchengMountaininChengduCity,osbeetlefoundintheprovince.(Photo:ChinaNewsService/ZhaoLi)StaffmembersattheInsectMuseumofWestChinafoundafive-hornedrhinocerosbeetlewithfourlargehornsonitsprothoraxandoneextra-longcephalichornonQingchengMountaininChengduCity,osbeetlefoundintheprovince.(Photo:ChinaNewsService/ZhaoLi)StaffmembersattheInsectMuseumofWestChinafoundafive-hornedrhinocerosbeetlewithfourlargehornsonitsprothoraxandoneextra-longcephalichornonQingchengMountaininChengduCity,osbeetlefoundintheprovince.(Photo:ChinaNewsService/ZhaoLi)StaffmembersattheInsectMuseumofWestChinafoundafive-hornedrhinocerosbeetlewithfourlargehornsonitsprothoraxandoneextra-longcephalichornonQingchengMountaininChengduCity,osbeetlefoundintheprovince.(Photo:ChinaNewsService/ZhaoLi)StaffmembersattheInsectMuseumofWestChinafoundafive-hornedrhinocerosbeetlewithfourlargehornsonitsprothoraxandoneextra-longcephalichornonQingchengMountaininChengduCity,osbeetlefoundintheprovince.(Photo:ChinaNewsService/ZhaoLi)

  比如:Disasters,suchasthequake,thatdestroylivessomehowcreatearenewedsenseofselflesscompassion.像地震这样的灾害,夺去人的生命,也激发出人们的无私情感。,2017showstheinsideviewofLuzhnikiStadiumwhichwillhostthe2018WorldCupmatchesinMoscow,Russia.(Xinhua/WuZhuang),2017showstheoutsideviewofLuzhnikiStadiumwhichwillhostthe2018WorldCupmatchesinMoscow,Russia.(Xinhua/WuZhuang),2017showstheoutsideviewofLuzhnikiStadiumwhichwillhostthe2018WorldCupmatchesinMoscow,Russia.(Xinhua/WuZhuang),2017showstheoutsideviewofLuzhnikiStadiumwhichwillhostthe2018WorldCupmatchesinMoscow,Russia.(Xinhua/WuZhuang)

  

  张弥曼院士获颁2018年度“世界杰出女科学家奖”

 
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追忆青春 你对“年轻”有何忠告?

2019-10-22 08:11 中国新闻网
PresidentXiJinpingspeaksattheopeningofthe19thMeetingoftheAcademiciansoftheChineseAcademyofSciencesandthe14thMeetingoftheAcademiciansoftheChineseAcademyofEngineeringonMondayinBeijing.(Photo/Xinhua)PresidentXiJinpingcalledonMondayforconcertedendeavorsandstrategicarrangementsinkeycutting-edgetechnologiesandinfieldssubjecttoothercountries"AsChinastrivesforprosperityandrejuvenation,itneedstodevotegreatenergytopromotingscienceandtechnology,endeavoringtobeamajorworldcenterforscienceandinnovation.""Self-relianceisthefoundationfortheChinesenationtostandfirmlyintheworldwhileindependentinnovationistheonlywayforustoclimbthepeakoftheworldsscienceandtechnology.""Hardpowerorsoftpower,theybothrelyonacountrysmanpower.""Innovationdecidesthenationsfuturewhilereformconcernsthenationing.""Iamimpressedbysuchabigfocusamajorplayerinscientificdevelopmentaroundtheworld."-JerzyDuszynski,presidentofthePolishAcademyofSciences"PresidentXigaveaveryinformativespeechonscience,,suchasthedigitalBeltandRoadproject,whichcanprovidecountriestakingpartintheinitiativewithvaluablegeographicandclimatedataandserveasapowerfultoolfordevelopment."MarkkuKulmala,professorofatmosphericscienceattheUniversityofHelsinki,Finland(Photo/Xinhua)"ThepresidenthasdefinitelytargetedthekeytopicofhowtoadvancescienceandtechnologyinChinaandhowtouseittohelptheChineseeconomy,thepeople,sinterestingthatsomeonewhoispresidentofsuchalargecountrycanactuallyfindthetimetocometoameetingofengineersandscientists.(Photo/Xinhua)Thatthappenveryofteninanycountry,soitsahugepluspointforChina."IanCluckie,professorofhydrometeorologyatSwanseaUniversity,UnitedKingdom.

  “青年如初春,如朝日,如百卉之萌动,如利刃之新发于硎,人生最可宝贵之时期也。”1915年《新青年》发刊词中的这句话,走过一个多世纪仍被传颂。

  你的青春岁月是怎样度过的?有哪些难忘的经历?对于现在的年轻人又想说些什么?“五四”青年节来临之际,来自不同职业、不同年龄段的“过来人”与中新网记者分享了自己的青春记忆。

  “给自己一些压力,精神和肉体上的苦都要吃得了”

  ——刘海鹰,53岁,北京大学人民医院脊柱外科主任

  回忆起当年的求学经历,拿了30多年手术刀的刘海鹰依旧感慨颇多。

  童年时为补贴家用糊火柴盒、大学期间去工地打工挣取学费……年少时经历的艰辛令刘海鹰记忆犹新。

  大学毕业后,原本成绩优异的他因种种原因没能进入心仪的外科,而是被分配到一所地方医院的肿瘤内科。但他却没有放弃理想,第二年主动申请下乡锻炼,因为,在那里,他有机会接触到外科手术。

  “工作的地方是山区,没有水电,晚上看书都要点蜡。”刘海鹰在这样的环境里度过了一年时光,白天工作,晚上准备考研到后半夜。一年后,他考入了北京医科大学研究生院。

  博士毕业后,刘海鹰进入北京大学(分数线,专业设置)人民医院骨科工作。然而,站上梦寐以求的手术台也并非易事。因为皮肤对当时消毒用的刷手液过敏,他的手出现溃烂,每次伤口被酒精冲刷时都要忍受钻心的痛。但越是这样他越珍惜每次上手术台的机会。

  1995年,刘海鹰成为中国第一个获得布劳恩奖学金的外科医生,赴德学习。回国后,他组建了北京大学人民医院脊柱外科,这也是中国最早的脊柱外科团队。30多年的职业生涯中,他已做过近万例手术。

  他说,如果当年没有经受精神与肉体上的痛苦,也不会有现在的感悟和成绩。

  如今,刘海鹰也在带研究生,其中不少是90后年轻人。他常感叹,这些孩子无论是知识面还是领悟力都比他年轻时强,但也少了些吃苦精神。

  “年轻人还是要给自己一些压力,精神和肉体上的苦都要吃得了,正是逆境在塑造一个人。”刘海鹰说。

  “要多去泡图书馆,利用好大学时光”

  ——李风,74岁,北京某高校退休教师

  74岁的李风(化名)是新中国第一代大学生,1965年大学毕业后就被分配在边疆工作,度过了15年漫长岁月。因为经历了特殊年代,这期间他的专业一度被荒废。

  1978年,研究生恢复招生,当时已经结婚生子的他决定重拾专业,报考研究生。

  “为了准备考试,每天复习到凌晨三四点,七点再准时起床工作。没有复习材料,就托同学寄来书本,那时,但凡能找到的和专业有关的书都被我看完了。”李风回忆。

  1980年,37岁的他以优异的成绩考上了北京某高校的研究生。攻读硕士学位时,李风依旧废寝忘食,他说:“那时没有网络和电视,课余时间几乎全在图书馆度过,有时候一泡就是一整天,天黑才出来。”

  留校任教的30多年时间里,李风一直和大学生打交道,他带过多少学生已经数不过来了。在他眼里,如今的孩子学习条件好了,但也懒了不少。

  “在大学的学习时光很宝贵,是打基础的关键,要多去泡图书馆,利用好大学时光。”李风说。

  61岁的售货员张志国中新网记者张尼摄

  我们那代人最大优点是踏实,这代人多了些浮躁

  ——张志国,61岁,北京永安路百货商场售货员

  1976年插队返城后,张志国就进入北京永安路百货商场当起一名售货员,退休后接受返聘的他,至今已经站了41年柜台。

  谈到自己的青春岁月,他笑称:“我们这代人太老套了,总是跳不出自己的圈子,不像现在的年轻人,朝气蓬勃、有理想!”

  在张志国看来,如今的80后、90后是“有野心、有闯劲儿”的一代,不像自己当年一样做事谨小慎微,不过这代人也多了些浮躁。

  “我们那代人最大的优点是老实、踏实,不那么狂,过日子也比较节俭。”张志国说,因为曾在农村吃过苦,当初返城时格外珍惜工作机会,所以想踏踏实实地干好。

  但张志国对年轻人的未来十分乐观,他说:“年轻人比我们有想法,希望比我们干得好!”

  “任何岗位干好了都能出成绩”

  ——常洪霞,39岁,北京公交集团1路公交车驾驶员

  “我从小就觉得开公交车是一件特别威风的事情,特别是女司机,英姿飒爽!”1978年出生的常洪霞已经当了16年公交司机,回想起当初的职业选择,她至今用“明智”来评价。

  1995年,职高毕业的常洪霞当上了一名公交售票员,5年后,一心想当驾驶员的她通过努力考取了驾照,并在第二年如愿握上方向盘。

  回忆刚参加工作时的情景,常洪霞用一个“苦”字来形容。

  “以前我们的公交车是老式车,密闭性不好、透风,到了冬天,跑一天下来,人都冻僵了。”常洪霞说,那时一到冬天就会用塑料布把脚裹上,然后再穿袜子,她冬天的鞋都要比平时买大两号。

  即便现在,常洪霞工作时也经常不能按点吃饭,有时为了不上厕所,连水都不敢多喝一口,但她却从来没想过换工作。

  常洪霞说,现在不少比她年轻的孩子认为,公交司机或乘务员不是一份光鲜亮丽的工作,但她却认为,任何岗位干好了都能出成绩。

  2010年,常洪霞参加北京市举办的第一届大客车专业技能比赛,从8000多名选手中脱颖而出,获得第九名的好成绩,是前十名种唯一的女选手。

  她总结说:“人要有不服输的劲儿,认准一件事,把它干好!”(记者 张尼)

责任编辑:李谦
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